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Historic Route of Ethiopia

PROGRAM: Historic Route of Ethiopia

DURATION: 10 days and 9 Nights

CODE: TA/BT 02

TRANSPORT: Surface and Flight

  • DAY 1 : Arrive Addis Ababa with Ethiopian Airlines. Transfer to hotel. Afternoon city tour of the capital. Including Entoto Mountains, with a very nice view over the capital, the National museum, St. George Church.
  • DAY 2 :Fly to Bahirdar with ET, and transfer to hotel for check-in. If time permits, go to visit Bezait place, with very nice view over Tana Lake and Blue Nile. Take an afternoon boat trip about 3-4 hours long on Lake Tana to admire the beautiful monasteries on the lake’s islands.
  • DAY 3 : Morning drive to admire the Blue Nile falls. Lunch in Bahir Dar. Afternoon drive to Gondar, city of castles and churches.
  •  DAY 4 :Continue the Historic Route of Ethiopia with a full day visit of castles and churches in Gonder: visit the castle’s compound, the Debre Birhan Selassie Church (light of Trinity) with wonderful murals, the King Fasiladas bath, the old usual monastery and the Empress Mentewab second palace. View of the spectacular Semien Mountains from King Fasilads bath, the old usual monastery and the Empress Mentewab second palace. View the spectacular Semien Mountains from Kosoye can add.
  • DAY 5 : Drive to Axum, beginning of civilization in Ethiopia (history of more than 3,000 years), admiring spectacular views over the Semien Mountains.
  • DAY 6 : Full day visit. Different archaeological sites, the bath & the palace of Queen of Sheba, tomb of kings and churches, among which in the church of St Mary of Zion (where legend says is deposited the Ark of Covenant, brought here from Israel by King Menelik I)
  • DAY 7 :Fly to Lalibela, defined as the 8th wonder in the world, and afternoon visit first group of the rock-hewn churches.
  • DAY 8 : Morning visit one of the churches out of the town, we propose an excursion by mules to the Asheten Mariam church, with spectacular views too. Or by car to the cave church of Naktule’ab. PM remaining churches in Lalibela.
  • DAY 9 : Complete the Historic Route of Ethiopia by flying back to Addis Ababa and visiting the Mercato, the biggest open air market in Africa and souvenirs shops.
  • DAY 1 0: Departure.

One day trip to debere libanos Ethiopia (cod TA-18)

  One day trip

Debre Libanos Monastery is one of the pretigious holy places in Ethiopia and was founded in 13th century in a magnificent 700 meters high canyon by Teklehaimanot. According to the belief, he meditated in a cave for 29 years.

DAY 1: Starting morning drive to one of the fumes  monastery Debera Libanos   and  blue nail  gorge  on the way visit beautiful oromo village buck to Addia Ababa.

Legend of Ethiopia

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Lalibela Ethiopia

Ancient History

Travel Ethiopia, Live Ethiopia, Experience Ethiopia, “the Cradle of Mankind”. Modern human being and its hominid ancestors evolved in the eastern zone of the great African Rift Valley. “Lucy”, one of our most distant ancestors, lived around 3.2 million years ago and it was found in the Awash Valley. Recently the discovery of an even older hominid fossil in the Afar desert, 4.4 million years old “Ardi”, has been published.

Ethiopia was known from the dawn of civilisation and has a 3000 year old history. The ancient Egyptians knew that their sacred and vital river Nile originated from a lake on a plateau in the land of “Punt” (“Land of the Gods” in their language) and they knew about a garden existing beyond the desert.

The legendary history of this country starts with the mythical Queen of Sheba who, after paying visit to the biblical King Salomon in Jerusalem, gave birth to his son Menelik I, the latter king of the Sabean or Axumite Empire. He took the Ark of the Covenant from the temple in Jerusalem to Ethiopia, where it is believed to rest until now.

However, also historical sources bear witness to the existence of a rich and powerful kingdom with a high level of civilisation in pre-Christian times. From its capital city in the north-eastern part of the country, not far from the Red Sea the Axumite Empire controlled once a vast territory, including parts of today’s Yemen and Sudan. It was an important crossroads of trading caravans from Europe, Africa and Asia. The empire used its own written language, Ge’ez and its own coins which were employed in trade. With the conversion to Christianity of King Ezana in 340 A.D. Ethiopia can be considered one of the first Christian states. Before, Judaism, introduced most probably by several waves of immigration from Israel, had played a major role in the northern and western centres of the country. From that time on, Christianity has become a major component of Ethiopian culture, up to date. After the decline of the Axumite Empire, 1137 to 1270 A.D., the Zagwe dynasty established its reign over big parts of the country, with the centre of power in Lasta, the area around Lalibela. King Lalibela was the most appreciated king of the Zagwe dynasty and later the town was named after him. It was he who ordered the construction of the sacred town, considered as a “New Jerusalem”. He built 11 rock-hewn churches, all carved out of the red mountain rock. Until today they have been very important places of worship. When the Zagwe dynasty declined, several years of changing rulers and coalitions, conflicts and wars followed, until under Emperor Fasilidas (1632-67) the small village of Gondar in the north was turned into the new capital city and a great religious and artistic centre.

 

In recent history there were other great kings who were able to unify and enlarge the country and oppose foreign invasions and interferences. Kassa Hailu was crowned in 1855 as the “King of Kings” with the crown name of Tewodros II. He ruled the country with strong hands and moved his capital first to Debre Tabor, then to Maqdala, where he built his stronghold in the mountains. There he captured British diplomats, whereupon British troops landed on the Read Sea to liberate them. In 1868 he committed suicide to avoid falling into British hands. The following emperors were Yohannes IV and then Menelik II, who extended the country to its actual size, defeated the Italian invaders in the historical battle of Adwa in 1896, founded the actual capital Addis Ababa and brought modern developments like cars, trains and electricity to Ethiopia.

Haile Selassie, (“Power of Trinity” in Amharic, the official Ethiopian language), the last great emperor crowned in 1930, reigned for half a century until he was overthrown by a socialistic-inspired revolution in 1974. The military committee called the “Derg” under the brutal Leadership of Mengistu Haile Mariam ruled Ethiopia until 1991, when it was overthrown and the first democratic republic was installed.

Many monuments of the ancient and glorious past of this country remain: the monolithic churches of Lalibela, the carved obelisks and churches of Axum, more than 120 monasteries and rock churches in the Tigray region, as well as those scattered here and there along Lake Tana, the source of the Blue Nile. In each of these sacred places ancient paintings, manuscripts and sacred objects are preserved. The diversity of ancient cultures, customs and celebrations are testimonies of the persistent importance of Ethiopia’s history and the Ethiopian Orthodox Christianity with its traditions and ceremonies is still a major part of every day’s life.

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13 days trip to Northern Ethiopia Code TA/BT 07

Ura_Kidane_Meheret balehagerutoursethiopia

ura kidane meheret balehagerutoursethiopia

PROGRAM: trip to Northern Ethiopia

DURATION: 13 days

CODE: TA/BT 07

TRANSPORT: Surface and Flight

Day 1/ Jan 17:       Arrives Addis Abeba

Day 2/ Jan 18:      Before Lunch visits National Museum & Ethnographic Museum after lunch attend the ketera celebration

Day 3/ Jan 19:      Morning visit epiphany Ceremony after lunch drive to Debre-Berehan over night in Debre-Berehan

Day 4/ Jan 20:    Drive to Welediya over night welediya

Day 5/ Jan 21:     Welediya, Lalibela

Day 6/ Jan 22:    Lalibela, Mekelie

Day 7/ Jan 23:    Mekelie, Aksum

Day 8/Jan 24:     Aksum, Debarek

Day 9/ Jan 25:    Debarek to Semien Mountain over night Gonder

Day 10/ Jan 26:  Gonder

Day 11/ Jan 27:   Gonder, Baher- Dar over night Baher-Dar

Day 12/ Jan 28:   Baher-Dar, Markos

Day 13/ Jan 29:   Markos, Addis Abeba, Dispatcher

17 Days Trip to Northern Ethiopia Code TA/BT 08

PROGRAM: Trip to Northern Ethiopia

DURATION: 17 days and 9 Nights

CODE: TA/BT 08

TRANSPORT: Surface and Flight

 

Day 1/ Jan 15:  arrives Addis Abeba

Day 2/ Jan 16:  City Tour in Addis Abeba

Day 3/ Jan 17:  MArkos

Day 4/ Jan 18:  Baher-Dar

Day 5/ Jan 19:  Baher-Dar

Day 6/ Jan 20:  Baher-Dar, Gonder

Day 7/ Jan 21:   Gonder

Day 8/ Jan 22:  Gonder, Semien

Day 9/ Jan 23:  Semien, Aksum

Day 10/ Jan 24: Aksum

Day 11/ Jan 25:  Aksum, Mekelie

Day 12/ Jan 26: Mekelie, Lalibela

Day 13/ Jan 27: Lalibela

Day 14/ Jan 28: Lalibela, Kombolcha

Day 15/ Jan 29: Kombolcha, Addis Abeba

Day 16/ Jan 29: Addis Abeba, Wenchi over night weliso

Day 17/ Jan 30: Back to Addis Abeba, Dispatcher

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